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Professional Electives for the Doctor of Pharmacy Program

Availability of electives is subject to change and not all electives are offered in every semester. See UNC Eshelman School of Pharmacy Registrar and/or class schedule for courses that may have been added or deleted since this document was last revised.

The course listing on this page was last updated on April 28, 2014

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Division of Chemical Biology and Medicinal Chemistry (CBMC)

CBMC 804: Drug Discovery Targets 1(3). Prerequisite(s): CHEM 466 or equiv.; permission of instructor. Provides an introduction to the isolation, structure determination, biosynthesis and synthesis of important natural products; emphasis on aspects relating to medicinal chemistry. Spring. Jarstfer.


Division of Molecular Pharmaceutics (MOPH)

MOPH 810: Drug Metabolism (3). Prerequisite(s): Permission of instructor. Metabolic transformations and metabolic enzymes, contemporary techniques in drug metabolism, and clinical relevance of metabolic processes in the design and development of safe and efficacious drugs are discussed. Fall. Thakker.

MOPH 862: Advanced Pharmaceutics (2). Prerequisite(s): PHCY 410 and 411 or equivalent with permission of instructor. This course provides a discussion of industrial approaches to pharmaceutical formulation development. Spring, even years. Kabanov.


Division of Pharmaceutical Outcomes and Policy (DPOP)

DPOP 803: Social and Behavioral Aspects of Pharmaceutical Use (3). This course will draw on medical sociology and health psychology to familiarize students with core theories, research, measures, and design issues relevant to conducting social/behavioral research surrounding pharmaceutical use. Fall, odd years. Blalock.

DPOP 806: Pharmaceutical Policy (3). Prerequisite(s): none. Course examines policies that influence pharmacy. Structured methods of policy analysis are examined and used to assess theoretic and analytic applications for evaluating pharmaceutical policy. Fall, even years. Farley.


Division of Pharmacotherapy and Experimental Therapeutics (DPET)

DPET 802: Acute Care (3). Prerequisite(s): PY3 Status. This course extends knowledge of common acute diseases, developed in required courses, using discussion and case presentation format. Rationale for therapeutic choices, dosing guidelines, and monitoring for drug efficacy and toxicity emphasized. Fall. Sultan.

DPET 806: Introduction to Research / Independent Study in Pharmacotherapy (2-3). Prerequisite(s): Variable; permission of and contract with instructor required. Fall and Spring. Students participate in research projects designed to introduce them to research opportunities in pharmacotherapy. Students usually work with a single faculty member in laboratory experiments, literature reviews, case audits, drug utilization reviews and patient studies. Fall, Spring, Summer. DPET faculty.

DPET 806: International Clinical Classroom Case Conference (2). Prerequisite(s): PY2 or PY3 standing. This course involves students from the School of Pharmacy and also from the University of Tokushima and Hokkaido Pharmaceutical University in Japan. Numerous clinical case scenarios will be evaluated and resolved during this course. This class will meet intermittently (up to 8 times during the semester). At least ½ of these sessions occur at 7 or 8 PM because they are live with students in Japan (where it will be 8 or 9 AM). The other sessions will involve consideration of cases and brainstorming about problems and solutions to clinical cases. Much of the activity in this course will be asynchronous. Students are expected to interact (weekly) on an interactive web site and through Twitter. Available to students on the Chapel Hill campus only. Spring. D. Williams.

DPET 811: Infectious Diseases (2). Prerequisite(s): PHCY 449. Course consists of infectious disease case presentations by small groups of students. Discussion of a specific infectious disease, its drug therapy and specific antibiotics are evaluated extensively at each session. Spring. Corbett, D. Williams.

DPET 812: Advanced Oncology/Hematology Pharmacotherapy (3). Prerequisite(s): PHCY 425 and 447. This course explores non-pharmacologic treatment modalities, complications of cancer and treatment, supportive care issues and subspecialties and reviews current cancer screening and prevention guidelines and cancer research. Spring. Poppe.

DPET 813: Advanced Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy (3). Prerequisite(s): PHCY 444. Combined lecture (faculty content experts) and class discussion provide in-depth exploration of cardiovascular pharmacotherapy. Topics build on content from PHCY 444 (85), with special emphasis on review of the primary literature. Fall. Patterson, C. Lee.

DPET 816: Integrative Medicine (2). Prerequisite(s): none. This is a survey course intended to introduce students to various complementary and alternative medicine practices, and their integration into traditional medicine. It utilizes active learning strategies to enhance student involvement. Fall. Corbett.

DPET 819: The Package Insert: Drug Development for Clinicians (2). This course reviews the components of the package insert, provides an understanding of the key studies required to support each component, and provides insight into the strategic thinking required for planning these studies. Students will learn the drug development process and ways in which clinicians scientifically contribute to this effort. Fall. Kashuba.

DPET 830: Development and Clinical Investigations of Drugs (2). Prerequisite(s): PY3 standing. Fall. Discussions include preclinical drug safety evaluation, preclinical pharmacology, design of protocols for Phases I-IV, FDA guidelines for clinical study, preparation of a study plan, statistics in clinical trials, data analysis and FDA interactions with industry. Fall. Patterson, Cato.

DPET 831: Quantitative Methods in Clinical Research (3). Prerequisite(s): Introductory biostatistics or general statistics; graduate student standing or PY3 standing and permission of instructor. This course reviews statistical concepts and discusses the most commonly used statistical methods for analysis of data from clinical studies or research experiments. Students will analyze problem datasets using SAS. Spring. Hull.

DPET 832: Introduction to Applied Pharmacogenomics (2). Prerequisite(s): PY3 or graduate student status, or permission of the instructor. Students will develop knowledge of common pharmacogenomic terminology and the major technologies employed in pharmacogenomic research, the ability to critically evaluate pharmacogenomic literature, with special emphasis on trial design and methodology, and to perform simple calculations used in the study of human genetics. Fall. Innocenti.

DPET 833: Experimental Design Considerations in Clinical Research (2). Prerequisite(s): Prior general statistics or biostatistics course; graduate student standing or PY3 standing and permission of instructor. Provides an overview of clinical trial methodology, focusing primarily on designs of (and common flaws in) clinical drug trials and non-clinical research experiments intended to answer clinical questions. A second objective of the course is to show the interrelationship between experimental design decisions and their impact on the appropriate statistical analysis. Fall. Hull.

DPET 838: Methods in Pharmacogenomics (2). The goals of this course are to provide graduate students with an understanding of major genomic discovery methodologies and their application for solving translational research problems. Spring, odd years. Wiltshire, Wagner.

DPET 855: Principles of Pharmacokinetics (3). Prerequisite(s): PHCY 413. This course is an introduction to pharmacokinetic theory, mathematical model development, and data analysis techniques. Fall, odd years. Persky.

DPET 856: Advanced Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics (4). Prerequisite(s): DPET 855, permission of instructor. This course examines the advanced treatment of contemporary pharmacokinetic theory and application, with emphasis on model development, analytical approaches to parameter estimation, and experimental design/data analysis. Spring, even years. Dumond.


Division of Practice Advancement and Clinical Education (PACE)

PACE 607i: Keys to Patient Safety - Inter-professional Team Work and Communication (3). This inter-professional course focuses on understanding roles, teamwork and communication to improve patient safety within the health care environment. National standards and initiative will be foundational to the course. Fall. Scolaro, Woodyard, Durham.

PACE 800: Geriatric Pharmacy Practice (3). Prerequisite(s): Students will have the opportunity to learn key geriatric pharmacotherapy principles and gain insight into the complex needs of older adults through didactic instruction, case-based problem solving, and direct interaction with geriatric patients. Spring. Burkhart.

PACE 803: Ambulatory Care Pharmacy (3). Prerequisite(s): PY3 status. This course consists of sessions related to common ambulatory care topics, consisting of therapeutic discussions, debates, and practice management concepts. Each content area is facilitated by an instructor with clinical expertise in that topic area. Working in groups to complete cases and active participation during class is required. Fall. P. Rodgers, Kemp. Spring. Pinelli.

PACE 806: Medication Therapy Management (2). Prerequisite(s): PHCY 442-446. This course examines the role pharmacists play in the provision of medication therapy management (MTM) services. Knowledge of pharmacotherapeutic, pharmacokinetic, and pharmacodynamic principles will be used to identify, resolve and prevent medication-related problems. Approaches to the development and implementation of MTM services in the community pharmacy will be discussed, developed, and experienced. This course also incorporates the MTM certificate program developed by APhA/ASCP. Spring. Forrister.

PACE 808: Critical Care Therapeutics (3). Prerequisite(s): PY3 Status. The course is designed to expose students to the pharmacotherapeutic challenges commonly encountered in the intensive care unit and expand their knowledge base regarding roles that pharmacists play in dealing with these issues. A patient case format is used to discuss drugs and disease states commonly encountered in the ICU as well as on-site ICU visits. Spring. Campbell-Bright, Durr.

PACE 812: Advanced Pediatric Pharmacotherapy (3). Prerequisite(s): PY3 Status. This course is designed to enhance the student's understanding of specific pharmacotherapeutic considerations in the pediatric populations. Spring. Beck.

PACE 813: Clinical Toxicology (2). Prerequisite(s): PHCY 442 Pharmacotherapy I. An understanding of the clinical toxicology of drugs and chemicals is important for pharmacists in all practice settings in order to be able to recognize the toxicological manifestations of unintentional or intentional misuse of drugs, assess the potential severity of the exposure and aid in the management of poisoned patients. This course will provide the student with an overview of the clinical manifestations, assessment and treatment of poisonings with common drug, chemical and biological agents. The format includes lectures by faculty and case assignments and discussions led by students. Fall. Shepherd.

PACE 830: The Leadership Challenge (2). Prerequisite(s): PY2 or PY3 Status. This course introduces students to the principles of leadership and strategies used by leaders, regardless of position or pharmacy practice setting, and helps prepare student pharmacists to meet the leadership challenge. Active learning strategies are used to examine and model leadership principles. Guest instructors will lead discussions on various topics pertaining to leadership. Fall. Cox, Wingo.

PACE 831: Applied Case Studies in Self Care Therapeutics (3). Prerequisite(s): PHCY 452 and PY3 Status. This course emphasizes evaluating literature to determine the best practices for patients seeking self care. It utilizes a team-based learning (TBL) approach to engage students in a higher level of active learning as it relates to community pharmacy practice and to simulate real-world application by shifting the focus of the course from the transmission of factual information to the application and communication of concepts to address self-care issues. It builds upon the baseline knowledge taught in the required course. Fall. Ferreri.

PACE 896: Pharmacy Perspectives in Mental Health (3). Prerequisite(s): PY3 status. The course is designed to meet the needs of pharmacy students with an interest in further developing their knowledge base in psychiatry. The format will consist of a presentation of the disease background, related drug therapy and associated clinical controversies, associated patient cases, when applicable, and class discussion. These sessions will focus on choice and rationale for therapy, dosing guidelines, and monitoring parameters for assessment of efficacy and toxicity. The subject material is designed to be an extension, rather than duplication of information provided in required courses. Fall. Harris.

PACE 896: Independent Study in Pharmacy Practice. Variable credit. Fall, Spring. PACE faculty.


Interdisciplinary Courses and Non-Divisional Courses

PHCY 608i: Managing Diabetes (2). Prerequisite(s): PY3 Status. This multidisciplinary team course examines the current issues involved in managing diabetes mellitus in persons over their lifespan. Spring. Ives.

DPET 809 (PHCY 609i): Topics in Pharmacy Practice: Hubbard Program (3). Prerequisite(s): PY3 status, permission of instructor. This interdisciplinary course for health professions students in medicine, allied health, nursing, public health, pharmacy, dentistry, and social work trains students to practice collaboratively in the care of their older patients, fostering an appreciation of the patient's community, family, and home as a context for care decisions. Spring. Burkhart.

PHCY 805: Independent Study and Research in Pharmacy. Prerequisite(s): to be arranged with the faculty member in each individual case; permission of and contract with a faculty member required. Credit: variable (1-6); prior approval required to count these credits as “professional electives.” Fall and Spring. Provides opportunities for professional (doctor of pharmacy) students to conduct independent study or participate in research projects designed to introduce them to specialized areas of practice and/or research in pharmacy. Students work with a single faculty member to focus study on a specialized problem through laboratory experiments, literature reviews, case audits, drug utilization reviews or patient studies. Fall, Spring, Summer. Staff (any SOP or AHEC faculty).

PHCY 806: Disaster Preparedness (2). Prerequisite(s): PY3 Status. Students will learn about different types of disasters and related care issues. Spring. Shepherd.

PHCY 806: Contemporary Topics in Pharmacy. Prerequisite(s): Permission of instructor. Credit: Variable (1-3). Fall and Spring. Experimental course, for professional (doctor of pharmacy) students, offered to determine the need and demand for courses in new content areas. Topics will be chosen by faculty based on current issues in pharmacy practice or research and proposed syllabi reviewed by the PharmD Curriculum Committee prior to delivery. Fall, Spring, Summer. Staff (any SOP or AHEC faculty).



Health Affairs Electives

Note: Other courses may be candidates for addition to the list. Please see the School of Pharmacy Elective Requirements for information on how to submit a course for approval.

UNC Chapel Hill

Anthropology (ANTH)

ANTH 470: Medicine and Anthropology (FOLK 470) (3). This course examines cultural understandings of health, illness, and medical systems from an anthropological perspective with a special focus on Western medicine.

Biostatistics (BIOS)

BIOS 511: Introduction to Statistical Computing and Data Management (4). Required preparation, previous or concurrent course in applied statistics. Permission of instructor for nonmajors. Introduction to use of computers to process and analyze data, concepts and techniques of research data management, and use of statistical programming packages and interpretation. Focus is on use of SAS for data management and reporting.

BIOS 600: Principles of Statistical Inference (3). Required preparation, knowledge of basic descriptive statistics. Major topics include elementary probability theory, probability distributions, estimation, tests of hypotheses, chi-squared procedures, regression, and correlation.

English and Comparative Literature (ENGL)

ENGL 303: Advanced Expository Writing for the Natural Sciences (3). Advanced practice with the oral and written discourse of the natural sciences. Special attention to disciplinary rhetoric, style, genre, format, and citation.

Epidemiology (EPID)

EPID 600: Principles of Statistical Inference (3). Required preparation, knowledge of basic descriptive statistics. Major topics include elementary probability theory, probability distributions, estimation, tests of hypotheses, chi-squared procedures, regression, and correlation.

Exercise and Sports Science (EXSS)

EXSS 188: Emergency Care of Injuries and Illness (3). Theory and practice of basic first aid, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and the acute care of athletic injuries.

Geography (GEOG)

GEOG 445: Medical Geography (3). The human ecology of health is studied by analyzing the cultural/environmental interactions that lie behind world patterns of disease distribution, diffusion, and treatment, and the ways these are being altered by development. (GHA)

Health Behavior and Health Education (HBHE)

HBHE 709: U.S. Populations of Color (3). This course explores the various structural forces that impact the health status and health behaviors of populations of color in the United States.

HBHE 727: Patient Advocacy (3). Explore competing definitions of patient advocacy. Topics related to ethics, policy, and law will be covered in the context of what have often been termed patient rights and responsibilities. Three lectures hours per week.

HBHE 772: Planning Public Health Interventions (3). In this course, students use a comprehensive planning model to plan, implement, and evaluate an evidence-based intervention that addresses a public health problem within a defined population.

Health Policy and Management (HPM)

HPM 220: Writing for Health Administrators (3). Focuses on communication skills development, with an emphasis on clarity, conciseness, and effectiveness of writing memoranda, reports, proposals, letters.

HPM 230: Management of Human Resources (3). Introduction to the field of human resource management in health organizations in the United States. Detailed treatment of selected topics with a view to help develop operational skills.

HPM 330: Introduction to Organization Leadership, Management, and Behavior (3). Restricted to HPM B.S.P.H. students. Introduction to the roles of managers in health organizations. Emphasizes a systems perspective of organizations.

HPM 510: Global Perspectives on Ethical Issues in Health Policy and Management (3). This course will address the ethical issues of health policy and management, with particular attention to the global perspectives on these issues. These global perspectives are both comparative and transnational.

HPM 715: Health Economics for Policy and Management (3). Prerequisite, BIOS 600. Permission of the instructor for nonmajors. Provides training in the theory of health economics and applies this theory to important issues in health policy and management.

HPM 757: Health Economics for Policy and Management (3). This course focuses on the political and policy dynamics of health care reform.

Master of Business Administration (MBA)

MBA 893: The Challenge of Healthcare - A System Overview (1.5). This course provides a broad overview of the world of health care from a business perspective. Students will be introduced to the structure and component parts of the health care system and will study basic economic issues, public policies, and market developments as they impact the industry and the delivery of care and services.

Microbiology and Immunology (MCRO)

MCRO 614: Immunobiology (3). A strong background in molecular biology, eukaryotic genetics, and biochemistry is required. Advanced survey course with topics that include molecular recognition, genetic mechanisms of host resistance, development of cells and cell interactions; hypersensitivity, autoimmunity, and resistance to infection. Course material from textbook and primary literature.

MCRO 630: Virology (3). Required preparation, coursework in molecular biology and cell biology. Current concepts of the chemistry, structure, replication, genetics, and the natural history of animal viruses and their host cells.

MCRO 631: Advanced Molecular Biology I (3). Required preparation for undergraduates, at least one undergraduate course in both biochemistry and genetics. DNA structure, function, and interactions in prokaryotic and eukaryotic systems, including chromosome structure, replication, recombination, repair, and genome fluidity. Three lecture hours a week.

Nursing (NURS)

NURS 870: Health Care Informatics (3). Focuses on developing an understanding of the concepts relevant to health care informatics and the use of computerized information systems, as well as the use of computer applications to support clinical and administrative decision making.

Nutrition (NUTR)

NUTR 240: Introduction to Human Nutrition (3). Prerequisites, BIOL 101/101L and CHEM 102/102L. Relationships of human nutrition to health and disease. Integration of biology, chemistry, and social sciences as related to human function. Nutrient composition of foods and safety of the food supply.

NUTR 400: Introduction to Nutritional Biochemistry (3). Prerequisites, BIOL 101, CHEM 101 and 102, and NUTR 240. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisites. Function of the human body focusing on nutrient interaction. Review of structure and function of cells and organs. For advanced undergraduates and graduate students needing to enhance background prior to NUTR 600.

NUTR 600: Human Metabolism: Macronutrients (3). Prerequisite, NUTR 400. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisite. Cell biochemistry and physiology emphasizing integration of proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids in whole-body metabolism; regulation of energy expenditure, food intake, metabolic adaptations, and gene expression; and macronutrient-related diseases (atherosclerosis, obesity).

NUTR 611: Nutrition of Children and Mothers (MHCH 611) (3). Prerequisite, NUTR 400. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisite. Biologic bases for nutrient requirements and dietary recommendations as they vary throughout the life cycle. Covers the nutritional needs of women during childbearing years, infants, children, and adolescents.

NUTR 620: Human Metabolism: Micronutrients (3). Prerequisites, NUTR 400 and 600. Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisites. Cell biochemistry and physiology emphasizing metabolism of vitamins and minerals including antioxidant protection, immune function, nutrient control of gene expression, and disease states induced by deficiencies (e.g., iron-deficient anemia).

NUTR 700: Nutrition in Medicine (2). Prerequisites, BIOL 252 and NUTR 600. Comprehensive review of nutrition basics with strong clinical perspective. Integrates nutrient biochemistry and metabolism into a framework of nutritional assessment and dietary intervention.

Psychology (PSYC)

PSYC 101: General Psychology (3). A survey of major principles of psychology and an introduction to scientific modes of thought about behavior. Students participate in ongoing psychological research in the department. PSYC 101 is a prerequisite for all psychology courses.

PSYC 245: Abnormal Psychology (3). Prerequisite, PSYC 101. Major forms of behavior disorders in children and adults, with an emphasis on description, causation, and treatment.

PSYC 250: Child Development (3). Prerequisite, PSYC 101. Study of the development of social and intellectual behavior in normal children and the processes that underlie this development. Emphasis is typically on theory and research.

PSYC 320: Drugs and Human Behavior (3). Prerequisite, PSYC 101. This course will examine the use of drugs to alter behavior. Social implications of drug use and methods for preventing and treating drug abuse also will be considered.

PSYC 502: Psychology of Adulthood and Aging (3). Prerequisites, PSYC 101 and 250. A developmental approach to the study of adulthood, from young adulthood through death. Topics include adult issues in personality, family dynamics, work, leisure and retirement, biological and intellectual aspects of aging, dying, and bereavement.

Public Health (PUBH)

PUBH 420: AIDS: Principles and Policy (1). Elective course jointly given by the schools of Dentistry, Public Health, Nursing, Pharmacy, and Medicine, designed to provide a multifaceted understanding of social, clinical, and biological aspects of the AIDS epidemic.

PUBH 610: Introductory Spanish for Health Professionals (3). This course is designed to provide undergraduate and graduate health professional and social work students with introductory-level Spanish skills the opportunity to develop their own skills.

PUBH 613I: Intermediate Spanish for Health Care 1 (3). Required preparation, college-level Spanish 2 and a minimum score on a self-assessment test available on the Web. Permission of the instructor. This primarily e-learning course provides public health students with the opportunity to improve their oral communication skills in Spanish at the intermediate level via DVD, Web, and workbook.

PUBH 615I: Advanced Spanish for Health Care I (3). Required preparation, college-level Spanish 3 and a minimum score on a self-assessment test available on the Web. Permission of the instructor. This primarily e-learning course provides public health students with the opportunity to improve their oral communication skills in Spanish at the advanced level via DVD, Web, and workbook.

Sociology (SOCI)

SOCI 431: Aging (3). The process of aging from birth to death, with a concentration on the later years of life, examined from a broad perspective. Topics include individual change over the life-course, the social context of aging, and the aging of American society.

Women’s and Gender Studies (WMST)

WMST 563: Introduction to Women’s Health and Health Education (3). Permission of the instructor. An overview of women’s health emphasizing their specific interest as family and community members, as patients, and as health professionals. Implications for health education practice and research.


Other Universities

Note: Please contact institution where course is offered to enroll.

Mercer University PHA 505: Community Pharmacy Ownership (2). A course designed to provide the student with the information necessary to become a community pharmacy owner either through the establishment of a new pharmacy or the purchase of an existing pharmacy practice. The knowledge necessary for efficient and profitable management in layout and design, location analysis, evaluation of third party plans, and promotion are emphasized as well as the financial aspects of the development and implementation of innovative clinical services in the community setting. The course includes case studies and group projects in addition to didactic classes. Link to site.

Professional Compounding Centers of America (PCCA): Pharmaceutical Care and Compounds for Veterinary Patients (2). The course will take an in-depth look at disease states and drug therapy for various species including canine, feline, equine, and exotics. The course trains students in comprehensive veterinary pharmacotherapy and applications to compounding for veterinary patients. Students will complete online reading assignments, case studies, and other coursework to further enhance their learning.  Link to site.

The University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center PHARM 720: Introduction to Nuclear Pharmacy (2). The course provides an overview of nuclear pharmacy as a practice specialty.  Students will examine the basic scientific principles applicable to nuclear pharmacy and nuclear medicine; review the tasks routinely performed by a nuclear pharmacist and the regulatory requirements under which they operate; examine the contributions of the nuclear pharmacist and nuclear pharmacy in the diagnosis and treatment of disease; and study the application of radioactive tracer techniques used in the diagnosis and treatment of patients.  Link to flier.

University of Florida PHA 6935: Veterinary Pharmacy (2). Fundamentals of human nutrition, including the functions and essential nutrients necessary for optimum growth and the maintenance of physical and mental health. Open to all students. Link to site.

The University of Utah SW 6860: School on Alcoholism and Other Drug Dependencies (1)*. Two week intensive program held during Summer Semester only, focusing on traditional intervention models, current cutting-edge trends in assessment/prevention/treatment, evidence-based practice models and non-traditional holistic approaches designed to benefit both clients and care-givers. Link to site.


*The University of Utah awards 2 hrs for course completion.  1 hr can be transferred to fulfill PharmD elective requirements.

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